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Faculty and staff

Mary Jo Grap

Mary Jo Grap, PhD, RN, ACNP, FAAN

Nursing Alumni Distinguished Professor
P.O. Box 980567
Richmond, VA 23298-0567
Phone: (804) 828-0723
E-mail: mjgrap@vcu.edu


  • 1997 - Post-masters certificate - Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
  • 1986 - PhD - Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA Higher Education/Educational Administration
  • 1977 - MS - University of Colorado, Denver, CO Medical-Surgical Nursing
  • 1972 - BS - Kent University, Kent, OH Nursing

Most Recent Publications

  • Grap, M.J., Munro, C.L., Wetzel, P.A., Ketchum, J. M., Hamilton, V. A., Sessler, C.N. (2014). Responses to noxious stimuli in sedated mechanically ventilated adults. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 43(1), 6-12. PMID: 24239298PMC3907191
  • Fisher, D., Grap, M.J. (2013). Opioid Withdrawal Signs and Symptoms in Children:  Frequency and Determinants.  Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 42(6):407-13. PMID: 24008186
  • Rahu M.A., Grap M.J., Cohn J. F., Munro C.L., Lyon D.E., Sessler C.N. (2013). Expression as an indicator of pain in critically ill intubated adults during endotracheal suctioning. American Journal of Critical Care, 22(5), 412-422. PMID: 23996421.
  • Cone S., Pickler R.H., Grap M.J., McGrath J., Wiley P.M. (2013). Endotracheal suctioning in preterm infants using four-handed versus routine care. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing, 42(1), 92-104. PMID: 23316894
  • Burk R.S., Grap M.J. (2012). Backrest position in prevention of pressure ulcers and ventilator-associated pneumonia: Conflicting recommendations. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 41(6), 536-45. PMID: 22819601PMC3690585)
  • Grap M.J., McFetridge B. (2012).  Critical care rehabilitation and early mobilisation: An emerging standard of care. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 28(2), 55-7. PMID: 22445174
  • Williamson., S., Munro C., Pickler R., Grap M.J., Elswick R.K. (2012). Comparison of biomarkers in blood and saliva in healthy adults. Nursing Research and Practice, Epub Apr 30PMID: 22619709
  • Grap M.J., Munro C.L., Wetzel P.A., Best A.M., Ketchum J.M., Hamilton V.A., Arief N.Y., Pickler R., Sessler C.N. (2012). Sedation in adults receiving mechanical ventilation: Physiological and comfort outcomes.American Journal of Critical CareMay 21(3):e53-63; quiz e64. PMID: 22549581PMC3703630
  • Grap, M. J., Munro, C. L., Hamilton, V. A., Elswick, R. K., Sessler, C. N., & Ward, K. R. (2011). Early, single chlorhexidine application reduces ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, Jan 6. PMID: 21411151
  • Grap, M.J., Munro, C.L., Unoki, T., Hamilton, V.A., Ward, K.R. (2012). Ventilator-associated pneumonia: The potential critical role of emergency medicine in prevention. Journal of Emergency Medicine, Aug 6. PMID: 20692786
  • Grap, M.J., Hamilton, V.A., McNallen, A.T., Ketchum, J.M., Best, A.M., Nyimas, Y.I., Wetzel, P.A. (2011). Actigraphy: Analyzing patient movement. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, Aug 17. PMID: 20723984
  • Jones, D.L., Munro, C.L., Grap, M.J., Kitten, T. Edmond, M. (2010). Oral care and Bacteremia risk in mechanically ventilated adults. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 39(6S), S57-S65. PMID: 20598375
  • Arif-Rahu, M., Grap, M.J. (2010). Facial expression and pain in the critically ill non-communicative patient: State of the science review. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 26(6), 343-352. PMID: 21051234

Present Research Funding/External Funding

  • Grap, M.J. (PI and Administrative Core Director). Center of Excellence for Biobehavioral Approaches to Symptom Management; NIH, P30 NR011403, 2009-2014.
  • Grap, M.J., Munro, C.L., Schubert, C., Wetzel, P.A. Effect of backrest elevation on skin integrity in the critically ill. NIH R01 NR010381, 9/29/2009-7/31/2012.
  • Hamilton, V. Anne, Grap, M.J. (Faculty sponsor). Patient discomfort and agitation in the ICU: ET tube movement effects. NIH F31 NR011373, 12/14/2009-12/13/2013.
  • Munro, C.L., Grap, M.J., Elswick, R.K., Sessler, C. Oral care intervention in mechanically ventilated adults. NIH R01 NR07652, 04/1/2001 – 6/30/2012.
  • Burk, R., Grap, M.J. (Faculty sponsor). Predictors of agitation in the critically ill. NIH F31 NR010436, 8/1/2007-7/31/2010.

Recent Awards, Fellowships & Honors

  • Flame of Excellence, American Association of Critical Care Nurses, May 2011.
  • Distinguished Nurse Researcher, American Association of Critical Care Nurses, 2009.
  • Fellow, American Academy of Nursing, 2004